Murchison Falls National Park is currently the largest and oldest conservation area of Uganda, and it is situated in the northwestern part of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the Bunyoro escarpment joins the plains. The park covers an area of 3,840 km2 which includes Bugungu, Karuma Wildlife Reserve, and the land that was gazetted in 1926. The park is named after Murchison Falls, which is a narrow gorge that is caused when the Nile River surges through a small gap in the rocks, which in turn creates an explosively powerful waterfall. The Falls are basaltic, and they are spectacular, hence a popular tourist attraction.

Murchison falls park is made up of a vast area of untamed African Savannah ranging from the rolling savannah in the northerly sector to the thick, dense woodland found in the south. The shores of Lake Albert are hidden beneath dense acacia vegetation, with a vast area of grassland or woodland. The Victoria Nile is one of the park’s most dominant features. It is a vital source of water in the park and during the dry seasons may be the only source. The banks of the river are host to many species, with a boat ride up to the falls being considered one of the highlight activities available that is a must for whichever duration of the safari.

A Closer Look at Murchison Falls National Park
Tourism in Murchison Falls National Park centres around game viewing and boat trips up the Nile to the falls. Forest walks and drives are also possible, and the open Savannah on the northern bank of the Nile enables great access to some pristine game spots. A popular but unique thing to check out when in Murchison’s is a visit to the Kaniyo Pabidi Ecotourism site, a project that is dedicated to maintaining the natural habitat of chimpanzees and providing income through sustainable tourism and community support.

The vegetation is characterized by savannah, riverine forest, and woodland. The park is home to huge populations of game including lions, leopards, and buffalos. Other animals which can be easily spotted include elephants, warthogs, giraffes, and antelopes. The river is home to one of Africa’s densest hippo and crocodile populations. Also, in the river, you can see the world’s largest concentration of Nile crocodiles, which is currently an endangered species. There are also chimpanzees in the Kaniyo Pabidi mahogany forest. Visitors taking a safari in the park even have a chance to see the rare and elusive shoebill.

Murchison Falls National Park was established in 1952. This is Uganda’s largest conservation area, with a total area of 3,840 square kilometres. The park is located in the northwestern part of the country, and it’s bisected by the Victoria Nile. The park is renowned for its breathtaking scenery and the power of the mighty Murchison Falls, where the world’s longest river explodes violently through a narrow cleft in the Rift Valley escarpment to plunge into a frothing pool 43 meters below. This dramatic scene is delivered with the unmatched beauty of the untouched wilderness.

Importance of Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National Park, gazetted in 1952, is Uganda’s largest and oldest conservation area, hosting 76 species of mammals and 451 birds. The park is bisected by the River Nile, the longest river in the world, on its journey from its source at Lake Victoria to its delta in the Mediterranean Sea. It is truly a special place and there is nothing else in the world quite like the vast, powerful and inspiring Murchison Falls. This internationally important park is also a place of great natural beauty, with verdant riverine woodland, savannah grasslands and a huge wetland (Ramsar Site) on the shores of Lake Albert, altogether home to an impressive biodiversity, including many rare and endemic species.

Importance 1: Murchison Falls and Karuma Falls on the Victoria Nile previously meant much to the local people in terms of spirit and economic gain; it provided them with the only safe and accessible ford across the River Nile.
Importance 2: In 1907, the colonial Governor, Sir Hesketh Bell, requested the East African Game and Sport Preservation Association to survey the area that was initially Crown Land and later, in 1910, was gazetted as the Bunyoro Game Reserve, making it the oldest conservation area in Uganda. With 1962 independence, the name was changed to Murchison Falls Game Park and in 1952 to Murchison Falls National Park. This marked the beginning of its great conservation importance.

Brief History of Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National Park ranks as the largest game park in Uganda at over 3000 square kilometres. The park is named after Murchison Falls, a waterfall on the Nile River, predicated by the deed that the falls used to be a secure for the called the park saved waterholes of the Sahara. In 1926, the park was first established as a game reserve. It was classified as a national park in 1952. The park is located in Northwestern Uganda, a distance of about 90km from Masindi. The location is approximately 4 hours northwest of the capital city of Uganda, Kampala. Geographically, the park is divided by the Nile River; the northern and southern sectors. Each sector is different in terms of animal species, with the northern section having a more prolific selection of animals due to the open grasslands. In 1974, the Idi Amin-led government took control of the park, which resulted in severely damaging effects on the animal population and the environment, such as poaching and unregulated fishing and forestry. In the 1980s, under the regime of Milton Obote, the Ugandan government invited the Wildlife Conservation Society to help the park recover its ecosystem from the period of neglect from the prior 20 years.